What is endurance? Endurance is a component of Health-Related Physical Fitness and Performance-Related Physical Fitness. Especially important of endurance in physical education and sports. But defining of endurance is not easy. In 1976, Nabatnikoya tried to combine the definition of Endurance offered by various specialists and provided a specific definition.
But in a few things, everyone agrees that
- It is related to long-term functioning.
- It is related to continuing to function in a depressed state.
- It is related to many muscles in the body.
- Special performance skills for this.
Definition of Endurance
In 1986, Harre said of endurance, “Endurance is the ability to work against depression.”
According to Dr. Hardayal Singh, “Endurance is the ability to continue high-performance and high-speed sports activities without getting tired.”
Types Of Endurance
Different sports require different types of Endurance. Depending on the nature of the activity, Endurance can be divided into the following.
1. Basic Endurance
Basic Endurance is the ability to carry out long-term activities at a slow rate. These activities involve many muscles or muscles groups. Examples Slow racing, jogging, swimming, more than 5 minutes at medium speed of walking, etc.
2. Aerobic Endurance
“Aerobic” means ‘with oxygen’. Aerobic Endurance means the ability to work long hours with or without oxygen. In this case, the transmitted fuel is supplied according to the oxygen of the body, and Co2 and water are produced as metabolic objects, which are emitted through breathing and sweating, respectively.
3. Anaerobic Endurance
The “Anaerobic” term means “without oxygen”. Anaerobic Endurance refers to the ability to work without oxygen or low oxygen. In this case, the muscle or muscle group of the body acts so fast against the high barrier that it does not meet the oxygen required to function. As a result, oxygen depth and lactic acid are produced.
Strength endurance is a mixed result of two types of motion conductivity. It is the ability to work against external obstacles or work against them without being exhausted for long periods of time. Depending on the function of the organs, the energy endurance can be divided into two sets of Static or Isometric and the Dynamic or Isotonic. Depending on the duration of the activity, endurance can be further divided into four categories.
For those cyclical activities that last up to 45 seconds, speed endurance is required. The 5m race is a perfect example of this national program. Depending on the ability of the cell, the ATP-PC system or the phosphagen and the glycolytic system, which produces the cell’s energy, produce a large amount of lactic acid during glycolysis. The result is O2 depth and exhaustion. For all the activities that last 20-22 seconds, the energy is completely generated by the phosphagen system.
Short Time Endurance:
In cases where cyclic activity lasts from 45 seconds to 2 minutes, it is short time endurance. The best example of this program is 800 meters run. The two main energy-producing methods of this activity are glycolysis and oxidation. However, due to the role of the glycolysis method compared to oxidation, a large amount of lactic acid is produced in the blood. This especially depends on speed-endurance and energy-endurance.
Medium Time Endurance:
This type of endurance is followed by a period of 2-11 minutes for permanent working activities. Examples of this national activity are 1500m and 3000m in racing. And 100m Raying. Glycolysis and oxidation are the main mechanisms contributing to these national tolerance indicators. Activities that are 5 m. 3s In the long run, it appears that both glycolysis and the oxidation process provide approximately equal amounts of energy. But the longer the activity, the lower the contribution of glycolysis.
Long Time Endurance:
Cyclic activities that last more than 11 minutes require long-time endurance. In this case, most of the energy is supplied by glycogen oxidation. The glycolysis method is particularly potent for all activities that last up to 30 minutes. But the contribution of glycolysis to long-lasting activities is very low. In marathon racing, most of the energy is continuously increased in the process of irritation.
Factors Determining Endurance:
Endurance dependent capabilities depend on a number of factors. It is an ability that is largely dependent on the function of physiological factors such as Metabolic Function, Cardiovascular System and Cardio-Respiratory system. At the same time, it depends on a variety of psychological factors. As-
1. Aerobic Capacity.
2. Anaerobic Capacity.
3. Movement Economy.
4. Psychological Factors.